Copyright © 2013 Markus Szumovski http://openstandardlicense.org
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
The Open Standard License is a free, copyleft license for standards and similar kinds of works. While loosely based on the GNU General Public License Version 3 and incorporating some of its wording it has no connection or affiliation whatsoever to the Free Software Foundation.
It is designed to ensure that any standard covered by this license is and remains an open standard accessible, useable and changeable by everyone. The license distinguishes between three roles: The publisher of a standard; distributers of a standard; and implementers of a standard.
The publisher of a standard is most often the creator, author or developer of the standard. There can only be one publisher for a standard and only the publisher can release new versions or inexact translations of the standard under the same name. The publisher can also grant permission to do so to others. While anyone can modify a standard definition without permission, this would create a fork of the standard which has to be released under a different name and the modifying party becomes the publisher of this new standard. Any fork is again automatically licensed under this license. The publisher of a standard does not have to be, but can be, a distributer as well. The publisher rights can be transferred to any other individual or organization.
Anyone who conveys copies of a standard definition or makes a standard definition available to the public is a distributer. Distributers must not charge any fee for a standard definition.
An implementer is any producer, publisher or author who is using the standard in one of its works or products. Such a work or product is called an implementing work. The implementing work can be sold and put under any license or copyright law as wished. The implementing work is not affected by this license, but the sole responsibility for the standard implementation lies with the implementing work which’s license has to regulate the liability. However, the copyright holders, distributers or the publisher of the standard cannot be held liable for any damage or similar caused by an implementation of the standard or for its content.
Users of implementing work are in no way affected by this license.
The sole purpose of this license is to make standards available to the public, for use and further development, while at the same time protecting the rights of the original standard developers and helping them make the best possible contribution in their field.
The precise terms and conditions for implementation, copying, distribution, translation and modification follow.
"This License" refers to version 1 of the Open Standard License.
"Copyright" also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of works, such as software.
"The Standard" refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this License, in particular to the concept of a Standard and its definitions. Each licensee is addressed as "you". "Licensees" and "recipients" may be individuals or organizations.
To "modify" a work means to copy from or adapt all or part of the work in a fashion requiring copyright permission, other than making an exact copy or a translation of a Standard definition. The resulting work is called a "modified version" of the earlier work or a work "based on" the earlier work.
If the modified version is created by anyone else but the Publisher of the Standard, and without the permission of the Publisher to release it under the name of the Standard, it is called a "Fork". If the modified version is created by the Publisher but is given a new name by the Publisher, it is also called a "Fork".
To "translate" a Standard definition means to create a Standard definition based on another one in a different language which can be interpreted like the definition it is based on. If the translation cannot be interpreted differently than the Standard definition it is based on, it is called an "exact translation", otherwise it is called an "approximate translation".
A "covered work" means either the unmodified Standard or a work based on the Standard other than an implementing work.
A "copyright holder" is any individual or organization who holds the copyright on a work which is either the Standard or part of the Standard, a standard definition or part of a standard definition, a translation or part of a translation, or who holds the copyright on a work on which one of these is based on. A "contributor" is a copyright holder who authorizes use of his work under this License or who licenses his work under this License. The resulting work thus licensed, and any follow up works based on it (with the exception of implementing works), are called the "contributor versions".
An "implementing work" means any work that implements or uses the Standard.
A "used work" means any work that is used in the Standard (as, for example, a GUID data type) but not defined by the Standard.
The "Publisher" is the only one allowed to release new versions of the Standard under the same name without further permission needed, to release new Standard definitions or approximate translations as new Standard definitions without further permission needed, and the only one allowed to grant these permissions to others. It is either the original licensee or someone to whom the Publisher rights were transferred. If the Standard is a Fork the Publisher is the individual or organization who created the modified version.
A "Distributer" is any individual or organization who distributes the Standard according to the terms of this License. To "distribute" a covered work means to convey or propagate it or to make it in some way available to the public or other individuals or organizations.
A Standard definition is any form of writing, drawing or other form of record which’s purpose is to define some kind of Standard or similar under this License copyrightable work. This ideally happens in a form of previously standardized language. Such standardized languages are for example XML, XSD, DTD, UML, and so forth. However, this License applies to all forms of Standard definitions, may they be in a standardized language or not, even to Standard definitions in human languages. A Standard definition may also make use of multiple languages, standardized or not, to define the Standard.
This License only applies to Standard definitions which are clearly evident as such. If you are only writing an overview, description or anything similar which is NOT a Standard definition it is not applicable to this License and you do not need permission by the Publisher to distribute or publish it.
A used work is not part of the Standard and therefore neither applicable to this License nor to its terms or conditions.
There can be multiple definitions in different languages for the Standard. Exact translations can be distributed as a Standard definition for the Standard without the permission of the Publisher. However, even in the case of an exact translation it is highly recommended to consult the Publisher, if this is possible, to make sure it is an exact translation and therefore no violation of this license to distribute it without the permission of the Publisher.
In the case of an approximate translation, the Publisher of the Standard has to grant permission to distribute it as a definition for the Standard. If this permission is not given, it can either be published as a Fork or distributed as an unofficial translation.
If you distribute an unofficial translation you have to mark it as such with a clearly visible notice which also advices the reader of possible errors in the translation as well as possible loss of information due to the translation. If such a notice would corrupt the translation you have to add those notices to every location from where the translation can be obtained from or send them along with any copy of the translation. You also have to provide an official Standard definition for everyone who obtains a copy of the translation.
For every translation, no matter if it is an unofficial translation or a Standard definition, you have to keep intact or, as far as required by this license, add all notices in accordance with section 3.
Definitions based on unofficial translations are also applicable to this license and have to be handled like a translation of a definition of the Standard according to the terms and conditions of this section.
If the result of an attempted translation cannot be interpreted like the Standard definition it is based on or is, regarding the interpretation of the translation, not nearly as close as it is possible, in the according languages of the translation and in accordance with the knowledge of the languages by the translating party, to the Standard definition it is based on, it is not considered a translation but a modified work.
You may distribute the Standard by distributing verbatim copies of a Standard definition or unofficial translation, along with a copy of this License, in or by any medium. Permission by the Publisher to do so is not needed.
Keep intact or, as far as required by this license, add all notices stating that this License and any non-permissive terms added in accordance with section 10 apply to the Standard and its definitions and translations, all notices of the absence of any warranty as well as the naming of the Publisher, the copyright notice, the name and version of the Standard and the listing of all incorporated standards licensed under this License or covered works the work is based on. If such notices would corrupt the Standard definition or translation you have to add those notices to every location (webpage, office, etc.) from where the Standard can be obtained from or send them along with any copy of the Standard definition or translation.
If you distribute an unofficial translation you additionally have to mark it as such with a clearly visible notice which also advices the reader of possible errors in the translation as well as possible loss of information due to the translation.
No fee may be charged for a copy of the Standard, a Standard definition or translation. However, if a Distributer ships a Standard, Standard definition or translation by traditional mail on request the Distributer may charge the requesting party with the mailing costs if the requesting party was informed about those costs prior to the sending and had the chance to opt out of this request for 14 days after being informed about the costs, in which case no costs will arise for the requesting party. A Distributer may also receive private or public funding or collect donations as long as those donations are not mandatory for receiving the Standard, a Standard definition or translation.
Distributers cannot be held liable for the correctness or content of a Standard definition or translation provided by them or for the availability of their service and they provide no warranty for the content of a Standard definition or translation. However, if informed of the incorrectness of a distributed Standard definition a Distributer has to cease the distribution of this incorrect Standard definition as soon as possible.
Anyone may implement the Standard into any work as wished. Permission of the Publisher or a Distributer to do so is not needed. The implementing work as well as the standard implementation itself is not affected by this License and can be licensed and handled arbitrary. However, a license governing an implementing work has no effects whatsoever on the covered work or the terms and conditions of this License, even if it says so, and no Publisher, copyright holder, Distributer or translator of the Standard can be hold responsible or liable for an implementation of the Standard, or for any damage or similar caused by it, by a license of the implementing work. Thus, no restrictions or obligations concerning the covered work can be imposed on or removed from you or a copyright holder by the license of an implementing work and no rights or permissions concerning the covered work can be granted to or revoked from you or a copyright holder by the license of an implementing work.
Any publisher, producer or author of an implementing work can acknowledge its use of the Standard and is encouraged to do so. This can, for example, happen by adding a short notice like the following in an "about box" or at any other location at which a user might find more information on the implementing work
<name of implementing work> uses the <name of standard> <version of standard> licensed under the Open Standard License.
However, it is NOT required that an implementing work displays such a notice.
While someone who implements the Standard or offers support concerning the Standard may charge a fee for his work, the Standard itself is free and open and therefore no fees may be charged for a Standard definition or translation according to section 3.
The first Publisher of the Standard is the individual or organization who licensed the Standard under this License or, if the Standard is a Fork of another covered work, the individual or organization who created the Fork. The Publisher is the only one who can release another version of the Standard under the same name without further permission, the only one who can release new Standard definitions or approximate translations as new Standard definitions for the Standard without further permission, and the only one allowed granting permission to do so to others. The Publisher is not necessarily the copyright holder of the covered work or parts of the covered work.
The Publisher may transfer the Publisher rights to any other individual or organization thereby loosing the Publisher rights since there can only be one Publisher of the Standard at any given moment. The Publisher rights can also be inherited by an individual or organization according to the applicable law. The Publisher may collect a fee or any other kind of reward or service according to applicable law in return for the transfer of the Publisher rights or for the development of a new version of the Standard.
The Publisher may mandate a third party with the development of a new version of the Standard, but this does not automatically include the permission to publish this new version by the mandated party.
The Publisher of the Standard may also distribute the Standard but does not have to do so.
Anyone may modify the Standard but only the Publisher can release a modified version under the name of the Standard or grant permission to do so. A modified version falls under the same terms and conditions as the work it’s based on and is automatically covered by this License. If you distribute a modified version you have to keep intact or, as far as required by this license, add all notices in accordance with section 3.
If you incorporate a part of the Standard into another standard the resulting work is applicable to this License as a modified work and is henceforth covered by this License. Any license under which the other standard may be licensed must not conflict with the terms and conditions of this License or permit you to relicense or additionally license the modified work under this License according to section 8 or you may not incorporate any part of the Standard at all.
A translation of a Standard definition does not result in a modified Standard. See section 2 for translations of Standard definitions.
A modified work which is published or distributed by anyone else but the Publisher or without permission by the Publisher to be released under the name of the Standard becomes a Fork of the work it is based on. If the Publisher of the Standard releases a modified version under a new name this modified version also becomes a Fork of the work it is based on. Since a Standard can incorporate more than one covered work it could also be a Fork of multiple works.
The Fork has to be distributed under a new name which clearly differs from the name of the work it is based on or any other work licensed under the Open Standard License for which the modifying party is not the Publisher. Changing just the version number or versioning code is not enough. However, a Publisher can grant the modifying party the right to publish it under the name of a standard for which the Publisher posses the publishing rights.
A distributed Fork has to list all covered works which are incorporated into the Fork in some way or on which the Fork is based on. Only the names of those Standards have to be listed, not their versioning or Publisher. The list or a notice indicating where to find this list has to be added to every definition and translation of the Fork. If it is impossible to add such a list or notice to a definition or translation without corrupting it, you have to add it to every location (webpage, office, etc.) from where the definition or translation can be obtained from or send it along with every copy of it.
The individual or organization who modified the work automatically becomes the Publisher of that Fork. If one and the same individual or organization owns the Publisher rights to multiple covered works it may handle, use and transfer those Publisher rights individually.
A contributor's "essential patent and copyright claims" are all patent and copyright claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of using, publishing, distributing, modifying, incorporating, translating or implementing its contributor versions. For purposes of this definition, "control" includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.
A copyright holder of the Standard isn’t necessarily the Publisher or a Distributer of the Standard. However, if the copyright holder is the one who licenses his work under this License, he also becomes the first Publisher of the covered work.
In the following two paragraphs, a "patent license" is any express agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To "grant" such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.
Each contributor accepts this License, grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor's essential patent and copyright claims to use, publish, distribute, modify, incorporate, translate or implement the contributor versions as described by the terms and conditions of this License and acknowledges that, of the contributor versions, only the respective Publisher has the publishing rights and that an implementing work can be licensed and handled arbitrary.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you distribute a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, publish, distribute, modify, incorporate, translate or implement a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work, works based on it and works incorporating or implementing the covered work.
A contributor does not waive his right to use his work, incorporate his work in other works or relicense copies of his work under any other license at a later point in time. But the rights over the contributor versions granted to others by this License cannot be restricted at a later point in time and any terms or conditions in licenses applied to his work or copies of his work at a later point in time which do so are void. A contributor may also lessen the restrictions on his work or copies of his work applied to by this License by relicensing it or additionally licensing it under another License but he may not impose any further restrictions on the contributor versions by doing so. Any terms or conditions in licenses later applied to his which do so are void.
A copyright holder may license, relicense or additionally license his work or a copy of his work under this License, or grant permission to do so to others, or incorporate his work or a copy of his work into a covered work, or grant permission to do so to others, if a possible effective license permits him to do so and only if the terms and conditions of this License can be met without to infringe the copyright of others and without to infringe possibly still effective terms and conditions of another license. If one of the terms or conditions of this License cannot be met due to foresaid reasons, you may not license, relicense, additionally license or incorporate the work at all.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.
No covered work shall be deemed part of an effective technological measure under any applicable law fulfilling obligations under article 11 of the WIPO copyright treaty adopted on 20 December 1996, or similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of such measures.
When you distribute a covered work, you waive any legal power to forbid circumvention of technological measures to the extent such circumvention is effected by exercising rights under this License with respect to the covered work, and you disclaim any intention to limit operation or modification of the work as a means of enforcing, against the work's users, your or third parties' legal rights to forbid circumvention of technological measures.
"Additional permissions" are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Standard shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only to part of the Standard, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but the entire Standard remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions.
When you distribute a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered "further restrictions" within the meaning of section 13. If a Standard definition as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a further restriction but permits relicensing or distributing under this License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not survive such relicensing or distributing.
If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant definitions or translations, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those definitions or translations, or a notice indicating where to find the applicable terms, as long as that statement does not interfere with the Standard definition or translation. If it is impossible to add a statement to the Standard definition or translation without corrupting it, you have to add the statement to every location (webpage, office, etc.) from where a Standard definition or translation can be obtained from or send it along with every copy of a Standard definition or translation.
Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way.
You may not publish, distribute, translate, modify or fork a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to publish, distribute, translate, modify or fork it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under section 8).
However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after the cessation.
Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the notice.
Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same material under section 13.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or implement the Standard, a Standard definition or translation or to use an implementing work. Ancillary distribution of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to publish, distribute, translate, modify or fork any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by publishing, distributing, translating, modifying or forking a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensors, to modify and distribute that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.
An "entity transaction" is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If distribution of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent claim is infringed by distributing, modifying, translating, incorporating, using or implementing the Standard or any portion of it.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute it at all.
Markus Szumovski may publish revised and/or new versions of the Open Standard License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If a Standard definition specifies that a certain numbered version of the Open Standard License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by Markus Szumovski. If the Standard does not specify a version number of the Open Standard License, you may choose any version ever published by Markus Szumovski.
If a Standard definition specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the Open Standard License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for a Standard definition.
Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE STANDARD, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS, PUBLISHER, TRANSLATORS, DISTRIBUTERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE STANDARD "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR FITNESS FOR ANY IMPLEMENTING WORK. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE STANDARD IS WITH THE IMPLEMENTING WORK AND ITS COPYRIGHT HOLDERS.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, DISTRIBUTER, TRANSLATOR, THE PUBLISHER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE STANDARD AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OR USE OF THE STANDARD, OR THE INABILITY TO IMPLEMENT THE STANDARD (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO DAMAGE TO THE IMPLEMENTING WORK AND DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE IMPLEMENTING WORK TO YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE STANDARD OR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STANDARD), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING CAN DISTRIBUTERS AND CONVEYING PARTIES BE HELD LIABLE FOR THE CORRECTNES OR CONTENT OF THE STANDARD, ITS DEFINITIONS OR TRANSLATIONS AS PROVIDED BY THEM OR FOR THE AVAILABILITY OF ANY DISTRIBUTION SERVICE.
If you develop a new standard, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it an open standard which everyone can redistribute and change under the terms of this License.
To do so, attach the following notice to a Standard definition or the location where a Standard definition can be obtained from according to section 3. A Standard definition should, if technically possible, at least have the "Publisher" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found. If there is more than one copyright holder, for example due to the copyright of different parts of the Standard being held by different people or organizations, please list them one after the other in the copyright line or at the part of which they hold the copyright of.
<standard name> <standard version number/coding> Publisher <year> <name of publisher> Copyright <year> <name of copyright holder>, <year> <name of copyright holder> This standard is an open standard: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Open Standard License as published by Markus Szumovski, either version 1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This standard is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR ANY IMPLEMENTING WORK. See the Open Standard License for more details. You should have received a copy of the Open Standard License along with this Standard definition. If not, see http://www.openstandardlicense.org
Also add information on how to contact the Publisher, in most scenarios this is you, by electronic and paper mail.
If your Standard is based on, incorporates or is a Fork of another standard or parts of another standard covered by this License, add the name of that standard as well as all the predecessor standards already listed by that standard to the notice in a fashion as follows.
This standard is based on the following standards <name of standard A>, <name of standard B>, <name of standard C>
See section 7 for more information on standards based on other standards.
While encouraged to do so, an implementing work does not have to make any notice of its use of the standard. See section 4 for more information on implementing work.
You should also get your employer or school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the Standard, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the Open Standard License, see http://openstandardlicense.org